Rocca di Papa is located in the area of ​​the Castelli Romani, which belongs to the territory of the Metropolitan City of Roma Capitale.

It is about 20 km from the Urbe, and is located in the highest part of the Alban Hills. The historic center, which stands on a tuffaceous cliff, has an average altitude of 700 meters above sea level, while the two major peaks, the Maschio delle Faete and Monte Cavo, reach respectively 956 and 949 meters.

Rocca di Papa is characterized by a Mediterranean climate, with mild temperatures in summer, with an average of 22-24 ° C, about 6 degrees less than Rome, and rainy and cold winters, when temperatures often fall below freezing , also being able to verify the phenomena of a snowy nature. 

The history of Rocca di Papa is long and closely linked with that of Albalonga, the city of Latium vetus founded in the twelfth century and destroyed by the Romans in 673 BC. Alba Longa, in fact, stood on the slopes of Mons Albanus, perhaps in the immediate vicinity of Lake Albano, therefore not far from the contemporary town of Rocca di Papa.

On Mount Cavo, during the Republican period of Rome, the Temple of Jupiter Laziale (iuppiter Latiaris) was built, an important pilgrimage site where the Feriae Latinae were held every year, during which the Latin peoples suspended the wars. and they found themselves for ritual sacrifices. The temple was connected to the ancient Alba Longa by the Via Sacra, a paved road of which today there is a large tract, immersed in the chestnut woods, and from which you can enjoy a fine view of the Roman Castles and the Roman countryside, in especially in correspondence with the so-called “Terrazza”, from which you can see Lake Albano and Lake Nemi.

Once part of the possessions of the Catholic Church at the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Rocca di Papa area experienced a progressive depopulation until the 12th century. It is about 1181 that Pope Lucius III occupies the area to build a fortress, whose remains can still be visited.

Besieged by Ludovico il Bavaro in 1328, the fortress of Rocchio gradually developed during the domination of the Colonna family, to which it belongs until the annexation of the territory to the Kingdom of Italy, in 1870. The rebellion of the citizens of Rocchigi remains famous in the local chronicles. against the excessive power of the Colonna and the Papacy occurred on April 30, 1855: on that day, some rebels proclaimed the Republic of Rocca di Papa. The rebellion lasted, according to some sources, about a month, only to end with the return of full control of the Pontifical troops.

Tourist destination since the late eighteenth century, when it was included in the so-called Grand Tour of Italy, Rocca di Papa has hosted countless characters from history, literature and science, including Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Hans Christian Andersen and Guglielmo Marconi, which he used the Geodynamic Observatory for his experiments on radio.

A town with a purely tourist vocation, Rocca di Papa preserves its medieval urban fulcrum almost intact, showing clearly the evolution of the built-up area from above, that is from the Pontifical Fortress, downwards.

There are numerous events and events held during the year in Rocca di Papa. Among these stands the Chestnut Festival, which has been held continuously since 1979 during the third weekend of October, and which allows you to taste the typical fruit autumn. The religious sentiment and the Marian devotion are revived in the celebrations of the Madonna del Tufo (the first Sunday after the August holiday) and during the Octave of the Madonna della Pietà, which begins the third Saturday in September and during which the ancient is celebrated rite of the “Calata”: an ancient icon of the Virgin Mary is removed from its position, on top of the altar of the Parish Church of Santa Maria Assunta in Cielo, and placed on a processional machine, in which it remains for the next eight days.

Also very popular is the Mangialonga, a non-competitive race in the woods of Rocchigi with numerous stops during which to taste the typical products of the territory and the further feasts that are held in the historic center, especially during the spring and summer.

As for the typical cuisine of Rocca di Papa, dishes based on porcini mushrooms are very popular, which can be found in the woods around the city, especially the chestnut flour fettuccine seasoned with the “Boletus Edulis”, as well as the so-called “potato omelette”, a preparation based on potatoes and broccoli. The “donuts” of the spouses are also delicious, and they are also tied to a centuries-old tradition, a product that has obtained PAT recognition from the Lazio Region. The donuts of the spouses of Rocca di Papa, from the classic ring shape and covered with a very tasty grain of

CONCLUSION

Rocca di Papa is a commune in Italy, located in the region of Lazio, subject to the administrative center of Rome. The population is 12,714 people, the population density is 318 people / km². It occupies an area of 40 km². The postal code is 040. The telephone code is 06.

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